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January 8, 2024, vizologi

How to Do PESTEL Assessment Easily

Do you want to understand the external factors affecting your business? PESTEL analysis is a useful tool for this. It helps in evaluating the external environmental factors that can impact your organization. This article will guide you through the process easily and effectively. Whether you’re a business owner, manager, or student, mastering the art of PESTEL assessment can provide valuable insights into the opportunities and threats in your industry.

Let’s get started on demystifying the process of PESTEL analysis.

Understanding PESTEL Analysis

A PESTEL analysis is a tool used to identify external forces facing an organization. The acronym stands for Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal factors.

Conducting a PESTEL analysis helps organizations differentiate from the competition. It helps them gain a competitive advantage by monitoring and responding to changes in the macro-environment.

Each element of a PESTEL analysis is explained. The blog also outlines the steps involved in conducting a PESTEL analysis. It emphasizes the importance of keeping the analysis updated.

The advantages and disadvantages of a PESTEL analysis are discussed as well. It is highlighted that an updated analysis is crucial due to the dynamic nature of the external environment.

The outcomes of a PESTEL analysis can be used to populate the opportunities and threats in a SWOT analysis. The blog encourages further development of marketing skills and knowledge through the CIM Diploma in Professional Marketing.

Breaking Down PESTEL

What ‘PESTEL’ Stands For

‘PESTEL’ stands for Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal factors in business analysis and strategic planning.

Understanding each aspect of ‘PESTEL’ is important for business assessment. Each component shapes the external environment in which a business operates.

For example, political factors, such as government stability and policies, directly impact a company’s operations and profitability. Economic factors, like inflation rates and economic growth, influence consumer buying power and demand for products or services.

Social factors, such as cultural trends and demographics, determine the market’s preferences and behaviors. Technological factors, such as advancements in automation or digitalization, can disrupt industries and create opportunities for innovation.

Environmental factors cover issues like climate change and sustainability, which can affect resource availability and business practices. Finally, legal factors encompass regulations and laws that companies must comply with, impacting their operations and strategic decisions.

Understanding and analyzing these ‘PESTEL’ components allows businesses to make informed decisions and mitigate risks in an ever-changing external environment.

The Role of Politics in PESTEL

Political factors are important in a PESTEL analysis. The stability of a country’s political climate can affect businesses and industries. Changes in government policies or regulations, such as tax reforms or trade restrictions, can directly impact companies.

For example, a new political leader may change environmental regulations, influencing a company’s operations. Political stability can also affect economic factors, like investment opportunities and consumer spending. Understanding political factors is essential for a comprehensive PESTEL analysis to identify potential risks and opportunities.

How Economy Affects PESTEL

The economy affects political factors in a PESTEL analysis. During economic growth, the government may cut taxes and increase public spending, affecting political stability and trade regulations. A struggling economy may lead to political unrest and changes in leadership, impacting businesses through taxation policies and trade agreements.

It also influences social factors in a PESTEL evaluation by affecting consumer behavior and lifestyle. In a strong economy, individuals may have higher disposable income, leading to increased spending on luxury goods, entertainment, and travel. Conversely, during an economic downturn, consumer spending on non-essential items may decline, shifting societal priorities and spending habits. The unemployment rate and income distribution also shape social factors, like demographics and labor trends.

The economy plays a significant role in shaping the technological aspects of PESTEL. In a thriving economy, businesses may allocate more resources to research and development, leading to technological advancements and innovation. This can create new opportunities for businesses to invest in and develop new products and services. Conversely, during an economic recession, companies may have limited resources for technological investments, leading to slower technological progress and adoption. Changes in interest rates and inflation levels impact the cost of capital for technology investments, thereby influencing the pace of technological development.

Social Influences in PESTEL

Social factors impact how a business operates. Things like cultural norms, demographics, and attitudes affect what people want to buy.

For example, if the population gets older, people might want different products. Companies might need to change how they market and what they sell. Changes in society’s values and how people live also affect buying habits. This can create opportunities for some businesses, like online stores, but be a threat to others, like physical stores. Understanding these social influences is important for companies to stay competitive and stay relevant in the changing market.

Technology’s Part in PESTEL

Technology has a big impact on politics in a PESTEL analysis. For example, digital communication changes how governments interact with citizens. This affects political decisions and policies. Also, technology helps political campaigns reach more people through social media, influencing public opinion and voter behavior.

In terms of social factors, technology changes how people communicate and connect. This affects consumer behavior and societal norms. Social media and online communities change how people form relationships and seek information. This shapes cultural values and trends.

In the environmental aspect of PESTEL, technology is important for sustainable practices and eco-friendly initiatives. For example, renewable energy technologies reduce environmental impact and help businesses follow stricter regulations. Innovations in waste management and pollution control also help organizations minimize their ecological footprint.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors are important in a PESTEL analysis. Changes like climate change, natural disasters, and pollution can directly impact businesses. This can affect their supply chain, production processes, and overall operations. For instance, extreme weather can disrupt transportation and delivery, causing delays in providing goods and services. Also, as more people look for eco-friendly options, businesses should consider environmental issues when doing a PESTEL assessment.

This helps them identify potential risks and opportunities from changes in the natural environment. Understanding these trends is important for organizations to develop strategies that match environmental trends and meet the evolving needs of their target market.

Legal Features in PESTEL

Legal factors are important in the PESTEL analysis. Laws and regulations directly affect the industry or organization. They can create constraints or opportunities that influence future development and growth.

For example, new data privacy laws can impact how businesses handle customer data. Changes in employment laws can affect hiring and talent retention, impacting future growth. Staying updated on the legal landscape is crucial for businesses to ensure compliance and adapt their strategic planning accordingly.

Using PESTEL for Financial Review

PESTEL analysis helps evaluate how political factors can affect the financial aspects of a business or industry. Government policies and regulations can impact operations, investment decisions, and overall financial performance. For instance, changes in tax policies or trade agreements can directly affect a company’s bottom line, profitability, and investment opportunities.

Economic influences are also important to consider. Analyzing factors such as inflation rates, exchange rates, and economic growth trends can provide insight into potential market opportunities or threats, as well as the overall financial stability of the industry or market.

The environmental factor is crucial too. Considering the impact of environmental regulations, sustainability trends, and consumer preferences on financial performance is essential.

For example, increasing consumer demand for environmentally friendly products can create new revenue streams, while stricter environmental regulations can lead to increased operational costs and potential financial risks.

Step-by-Step Guide to Conducting a PESTEL Assessment

  1. Identify and understand the Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal factors that could impact an organization.
  2. Thoroughly research and analyze each of these factors to gain insights into potential opportunities and threats.
  3. Regularly monitor changes in the external environment and adjust the analysis accordingly to keep the assessment updated.
  4. Potential benefits of using PESTEL for analysis include gaining a competitive advantage, identifying new market opportunities, and enhancing strategic planning.
  5. Drawbacks may include the time and resources required to conduct a thorough assessment, as well as the complexity of interpreting and prioritizing the findings.
  6. An updated PESTEL analysis can also be used to populate the opportunities and threats in a SWOT analysis, further informing strategic decision making.

Pros and Cons of a PESTEL Review

Pros of PESTEL

PESTEL analysis helps businesses understand external factors. It helps them make informed decisions and identify growth opportunities. It also helps in recognizing potential threats.

It considers Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal factors. This aids in strategic planning and risk assessment. For instance, it can help understand how government policies or economic conditions might impact market entry strategies or product pricing.

Considering environmental and legal aspects also helps in addressing sustainability and compliance issues. This is crucial for long-term success.

Cons of PESTEL

PESTEL analysis has limitations when assessing a business or industry. It may oversimplify or overlook important external factors.

For example, focusing only on political and legal aspects may ignore the impact of social and environmental changes. Relying solely on PESTEL for strategic decision-making can be unreliable and misleading. Businesses might miss critical elements such as economic shifts or technological advancements. This narrow focus could lead to missed opportunities or unexpected threats, hindering strategic planning and risk management. Therefore, PESTEL analysis should be complemented with other assessment tools for a comprehensive evaluation of the business environment.

Steps to Keep Your PESTEL Current

Regular monitoring of political factors in a PESTEL analysis involves staying informed about changing government policies, legislation, and regulations. This can be achieved by subscribing to industry newsletters, attending conferences, and networking with professionals.

Additionally, keeping abreast of current events and political developments through reliable news sources can help in identifying potential impacts on the business.

To ensure that the economic analysis in a PESTEL remains current and relevant, businesses should regularly review and analyze economic indicators such as inflation rates, exchange rates, and consumer spending habits. They can also seek insights from financial experts, economists, and industry reports to stay informed about economic trends and forecasts. By conducting regular economic assessments, businesses can anticipate potential economic challenges and identify growth opportunities.

Staying informed about changes in social and cultural factors that may impact a PESTEL analysis involves actively engaging with customers, employees, and other stakeholders. This can be achieved through surveys, focus groups, and feedback mechanisms to gather insights into shifting social values, lifestyle trends, and consumer behavior.

Additionally, businesses can leverage social media monitoring tools to track relevant conversations and trends, as well as participate in community events and partnerships to stay connected with societal changes.

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